ENFD References

Chien HF, Tseng TJ, Lin WM, Yang CC, Chang YC, Chen RC, Hsieh ST. Quantitative pathology of cutaneous nerve terminal degeneration in the human skin. Acta Neuropathol 2001; 102: 455-61. 

Devigili G, Tugnoli V, Penza P, Camozzi F, Lombardi R, Milli G, Broglio L, Granieri E, Lauria G. The diagnostic criteria for small fibre neuropathy: from symptoms to neuropathology. Brain 2008; 131; 1912-19.

Ebenezer GJ, Hauer P, Gibbons C, McArthur JC, Polydefkis M. Assessment of epidermal nerve fibers: a new diagnostic and predictive tool for peripheral neuropathies. J Neuropathol Exp Neurol. 2007 Dec;66(12):1059-73.

Gemignani F, Giovanelli M, Vitetta F, Santilli D, Bellanova MF, Brindani F, Marbini A. Non-length dependent small fiber neuropathy, a prospective case series. J Peripher Nerv Syst. 2010 Mar;15(1):57-62.

Gibbons CH, Illigens BM, Wang N, Freeman R. Quantification of sweat gland innervation: a clinical-pathologic correlation. Neurology 2009; 72: 1479-86.

Gorson KC, Hermann DN, Thiagarajan R, Brannagan TH, Chin RL, Kinsella LJ, Ropper AH. Non-length dependent small fibre neuropathy/ganglionopathy. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiat 2008;79:163-9

Hays AP. Utility of skin biopsy to evaluate peripheral neuropathy. Curr Neurol Neurosci Rep. 2010 Mar;10(2):101-7.

Herrmann DN, Ferguson ML, Pannoni V, Barbano RL, Stanton M, Logigian EL. Plantar nerve AP and skin biopsy in sensory neuropathies with normal routine conduction studies. Neurology 2004; 14: 879-85.

Herrmann DN, O'Connor AB, Schwid SR, Da Y, Goodman AD, Rafferty J, Donahue S, Dworkin RH. Broadening the spectrum of controls for skin biopsy in painful neuropathies. Muscle Nerve. 2010 Sep;42(3):436-8.

Hilz MJ, Axelrod FB, Bickel A, Stemper B, Brys M, Wendelschafer-Crabb G, Kennedy WR. Assessing function and pathology in familial dysautonomia: assessment of temperature perception, sweating and cutaneous innervation. Brain 2004; 127: 2090-8.

Hlubocky A, Wellik K, Ross MA, Smith BE, Hoffman-Snyder C, Demaerschalk BM, Wingerchuk DM. Skin biopsy for diagnosis of small fiber neuropathy: a critically appraised topic. Neurologist 2010; 16: 61-3.

Lauria G, Hsieh ST, Johansson O, Kennedy WR, Leger JM, Mellgren SI, Nolano M, Merkies IS, Polydefkis M, Smith AG, Sommer C, Valls-Sole J. European Federation of Neurological Societies/Peripheral Nerve Society Guideline on the use of skin biopsy in the diagnosis of small fiber neuropathy. Report of a joint task force of the European Federation of Neurological Societies and the Peripheral Nerve Society. J Peripher Nerv Syst. 2010 Jun;15(2):79-92.

Lauria G, Devigli G. Skin biopsy as a diagnostic tool in peripheral neurpathy. Nat Clin Pract Neurol 2007; 3: 546-57.

Lauria G, Morbin M, Lombardi R, Borgna M, Mazzioleni G, Sghirlanzoni A, Pareyson D. Axonal swellings predict the degeneration of epidermal nerve fibers in painful neuropathies. Neurology 2003; 61: 631-6.

Periquet MI, Novak V, Collins MP, Nagaraja HN, Erden S, Nash SM, Freimer ML, Sahenk Z, Kissel JT, Mendell JR. Painful sensory neuropathy: prospective evaluation using skin biopsy. Neurology 1999; 53: 1641-7.

Schuning J, Scherens A, Haussleiter IS, Schwenkreis P, Krumova EK, Richter H, Maier C. Sensory changes and loss of intraepidermal nerve fibers in painful unilateral nerve injury. Clin J Pain 2009; 25:683-90.

Sghirlanzoni A, Pareyson D, Lauria G. Sensory neuron disease. Lancet Neurol 2005; 4:349-61.

Sommer C, Lindenlaub T, Zillikens D, Toyka K, Naumann M. Selective loss of cholinergic sudomotor fibers causes anhidrosis in Ross syndrome. Ann Neurol 2002; 52: 247-250.

Urashima R, Mihara M. Cutaneous nerves in atopic dermatitis. A histological, immunocytochemical, immunohistochemical and electron microscopy study. Virchows Arch 1998; 432: 363-70.